Possible role of EMID2 on nasal polyps pathogenesis in Korean asthma patients

Charisse Flerida Arnejo Pasaje, Joon Seol Bae, Byung-Lae Park, Hyun Sub Cheong, Jeong-Hyun Kim, An-Soo Jang, Soo-Taek Uh, Choon-Sik Park, Hyoung Doo Shin
BMC Medical Genetics 2012, 13: 2

BACKGROUND: Since subepithelial fibrosis and protruded extracellular matrix are among the histological characteristics of polyps, the emilin/multimerin domain-containing protein 2 (EMID2) gene is speculated to be involved in the presence of nasal polyps in asthma and aspirin-hypersensitive patients.

METHODS: To investigate the association between EMID2 and nasal polyposis, 49 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 467 asthmatics of Korean ancestry who were stratified further into 114 aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) and 353 aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) subgroups. From pairwise comparison of the genotyped polymorphisms, 14 major haplotypes (frequency > 0.05) were inferred and selected for association analysis. Differences in the frequency distribution of EMID2 variations between polyp-positive cases and polyp-negative controls were determined using logistic analyses.

RESULTS: Initially, 13 EMID2 variants were significantly associated with the presence of nasal polyps in the overall asthma group (P = 0.0008-0.05, OR = 0.54-1.32 using various modes of genetic inheritance). Although association signals from 12 variants disappeared after multiple testing corrections, the relationship between EMID2_BL1_ht2 and nasal polyposis remained significant via a codominant mechanism (P corr = 0.03). On the other hand, the nominal associations observed between the genetic variants tested for the presence of nasal polyps in AERD (P = 0.003-0.05, OR = 0.25-1.82) and ATA (P = 0.01-0.04, OR = 0.46-10.96) subgroups disappeared after multiple comparisons, suggesting lack of associations.

CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary findings suggest that EMID2_BL1_ht2 may be a susceptibility marker of inflammation of the nasal passages among Korean asthma patients.

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