Everolimus in metastatic renal cell carcinoma: Subgroup analysis of patients with 1 or 2 previous vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapies enrolled in the phase III RECORD-1 study

E Calvo, B Escudier, R J Motzer, S Oudard, T E Hutson, C Porta, S Bracarda, V Grünwald, J A Thompson, A Ravaud, D Kim, A Panneerselvam, O Anak, R A Figlin
European Journal of Cancer 2012, 48 (3): 333-9

INTRODUCTION: In the phase III RECORD-1 trial ( NCT00410124), patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) who progressed on previous vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (VEGFr-TKI) therapy were randomised 2:1 to everolimus 10mg once daily (n=277) or placebo (n=139). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.9months with everolimus and 1.9months with placebo (hazard ratio [HR], 0.33; P<.001). This preplanned, prospective sub-analysis evaluated PFS benefit of everolimus versus placebo in patients who had previously received 1 or 2 VEGFr-TKIs.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Median PFS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyse differences in PFS.

RESULTS: All patients (100%) received ⩾1 previous VEGFr-TKI; 26% of patients received 2 previous VEGFr-TKIs. Among patients who received 1 previous VEGFr-TKI, median PFS was 5.4months with everolimus and 1.9months with placebo (HR, 0.32; 95%confidence interval [CI], 0.24-0.43; P<.001). Among patients who received 2 previous VEGFr-TKIs, median PFS was 4.0months with everolimus and 1.8months with placebo (HR, 0.32; 95%CI, 0.19-0.54; P<.001). The everolimus safety profile was similar for both groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Everolimus was associated with prolonged PFS relative to placebo in patients who received 1 or 2 previous VEGFr-TKIs. Patients who received only 1 previous VEGFr-TKI had apparently longer PFS with everolimus in reference to those who received 2 previous VEGFr-TKIs. These results support the use of everolimus as the standard of care in patients who fail initial VEGFr-TKI therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"