Prevalence and prognostic value of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in idiopathic and heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension

Adriano R Tonelli, Juan Carlos Plana, Gustavo A Heresi, Raed A Dweik
Chest 2012, 141 (6): 1457-1465

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction and outcomes in patients with idiopathic or heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Our rationale was to investigate the prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction, and its association with disease severity and outcomes, in patients with idiopathic or heritable PAH.

METHODS: Using the Cleveland Clinic Pulmonary Hypertension Registry, we identified subjects with heritable or idiopathic PAH who underwent Doppler echocardiography and right-sided heart catheterization. Echocardiographic diastolic parameters were assessed in each patient.

RESULTS: A total of 61 patients met the inclusion criteria (idiopathic 85%, heritable 15%). The age at the time of echocardiography was 48.3 ± 18 years, 84% of the subjects were women, and 48% were on PAH-targeted therapies. Normal LV diastolic function, impaired relaxation, and pseudonormalization were seen in 10%, 88%, and 2% of the patients, respectively. Peak early diastolic (peak E) velocity was directly associated with LV end-diastolic volume and cardiac index and inversely associated with the degree of right ventricular dilation, right atrial pressure, and pulmonary vascular resistance. Peak E velocity was associated with mortality adjusted for age and sex (hazard ratio [HR], 1.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2 per 10 cm/s decrease; P = .015) and age, sex, 6-min walk distance, and cardiac output (HR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.2-2.9 per 10 cm/s decrease; P = .01).

CONCLUSIONS: LV diastolic dysfunction of the impaired relaxation type is observed in the majority of patients with advanced idiopathic or heritable PAH. A decrease in transmitral flow peak E velocity is associated with worse hemodynamics and outcome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"