JOURNAL ARTICLE

Serum level of IP-10 increases predictive value of IL28B polymorphisms for spontaneous clearance of acute HCV infection

Sandra Beinhardt, Judith H Aberle, Michael Strasser, Emina Dulic-Lakovic, Andreas Maieron, Anna Kreil, Karoline Rutter, Albert F Staettermayer, Christian Datz, Thomas M Scherzer, Robert Strassl, Martin Bischof, Rudolf Stauber, Gerd Bodlaj, Hermann Laferl, Heidemarie Holzmann, Petra Steindl-Munda, Peter Ferenci, Harald Hofer
Gastroenterology 2012, 142 (1): 78-85.e2
22192885

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL28B and serum levels of interferon γ inducible protein 10 (IP-10) predict outcomes of antiviral therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C. We associated IL28B SNPs rs12979860 and rs8099917, along with serum levels of IP-10, with outcomes of patients with acute hepatitis C (AHC).

METHODS: We studied 120 patients with AHC (64 male; 37 ± 16 years old) and 96 healthy individuals (controls). The IL28B SNPs rs12979860 and rs8099917 were detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction; serum concentrations of IP-10 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays of 62 patients with AHC.

RESULTS: Hepatitis C virus was cleared spontaneously from 59 patients (49.2%). The IL28B rs12979860 C/C genotype was more frequent among patients with AHC than controls (62.5% vs 39.6%; P < .001) and among patients with spontaneous clearance than those without (74.6% vs 51.7%; P = .02) (positive predictive value, 60.3%). Patients with IL28B rs12979860 C/C more frequently developed jaundice (53.2% vs 27.6%; P = .022) than carriers of the T allele. The median level of IP-10 was lower among patients with AHC and spontaneous clearance (764 [113-2470] pg/mL) than those without spontaneous clearance (1481 [141-4412] pg/mL; P = .006). Based on receiver operating characteristic analysis, 540 pg/mL IP-10 was set as the cutoff for patients most likely to have spontaneous clearance (positive predictive value, 71.4%; negative predictive value, 65.9%). Including data on IP-10 levels increased the ability of the IL28B rs12979860 C/C to identify patients most likely to have spontaneous clearance (83% of those who had an IP-10 level <540 pg/mL and 32% who had an IP-10 level >540 pg/mL) (P < .01).

CONCLUSIONS: The combination of serum level of IP-10 and SNPs in IL28B can identify patients with AHC who are most likely to undergo spontaneous clearance and those in need of early antiviral therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22192885
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"