JOURNAL ARTICLE

Long-term follow up after allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with severe aplastic anemia after cyclophosphamide plus antithymocyte globulin conditioning

Johanna Konopacki, Raphaël Porcher, Marie Robin, Sabine Bieri, Jean-Michel Cayuela, Jérôme Larghero, Aliénor Xhaard, Anna Lisa Andreoli, Nathalie Dhedin, Anna Petropoulou, Paula Rodriguez-Otero, Patricia Ribaud, Hélène Moins-Teisserenc, Maryvonnick Carmagnat, Antoine Toubert, Yves Chalandon, Gérard Socie, Régis Peffault de Latour
Haematologica 2012, 97 (5): 710-6
22180425

BACKGROUND: Due to increased rates of secondary solid organ cancer in patients with severe aplastic anemia who received an irradiation-based conditioning regimen, we decided some years ago to use the combination of cyclophosphamide and antithymocyte globulin. We report the long-term follow up of patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from an HLA-matched sibling donor after this conditioning regimen.

DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed 61 consecutive patients transplanted from June 1991 to February 2010, following conditioning with cyclophosphamide (200 mg/kg) and antithymocyte globulin (2.5 mg/kg/day × 5 days).

RESULTS: Median age was 21 years (range 4-43); 41 of the 61 patients were adults. Median duration of the disease before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was 93 days. All but 2 patients received bone marrow as the source of stem cells and all but 2 engrafted. Cumulative incidence of acute grade II-IV graft-versus-host disease was 23% (95%CI 13-34) and 18 developed chronic graft-versus-host disease (cumulative incidence 32% at 72 months, 95% CI 20-46). In multivariate analysis, a higher number of infused CD3 cells was associated with an increased risk of developing chronic graft-versus-host disease (P = 0.017). With a median follow up of 73 months (range 8-233), the estimated 6-year overall survival was 87% (95% CI 78-97). At 72 months, the cumulative incidence of avascular necrosis was 21% and 12 patients presented with endocrine dysfunction (cumulative incidence of 19%). Only one patient developed a secondary malignancy (Hodgkin's lymphoma) during follow up.

CONCLUSIONS: Cyclophosphamide and antithymocyte globulin is an effective conditioning regimen for patients with severe aplastic anemia and is associated with low treatment-related mortality. Long-term complications include avascular necrosis and endocrine dysfunction.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22180425
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"