MicroRNA-409 suppresses tumour cell invasion and metastasis by directly targeting radixin in gastric cancers

B Zheng, L Liang, S Huang, R Zha, L Liu, D Jia, Q Tian, Q Wang, C Wang, Z Long, Y Zhou, X Cao, C Du, Y Shi, X He
Oncogene 2012 October 18, 31 (42): 4509-16
Emerging evidence has shown that aberrantly expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) are highly associated with tumour development and progression. However, little is known about the potential role of miRNAs in gastric cancer (GC) metastasis. In this study, miR-409-3p was found to be downregulated frequently in human GCs, and its expression was significantly associated with tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage and lymph node metastasis. Enforced expression of miR-409 in GC cells significantly reduced their migration and invasion in vitro and their capacity to develop distal pulmonary metastases and peritoneal dissemination in vivo. Moreover, we found that miR-409 exerted its function predominantly through the mature miR-409-3p, but not miR-409-5p. Microarray and bioinformatics analysis identified the pro-metastatic gene radixin (RDX) as a potential miR-409-3p target. Further studies confirmed that miR-409-3p suppressed the expression of RDX by directly binding to its 3'-untranslated region. Silencing of RDX by small interfering RNAs phenocopied the effects of miR-409 overexpression, whereas restoration of RDX in miR-409-overexpressed GC cells reversed the suppressive effects of miR-409. Taken together, these results demonstrate that miR-409 suppresses GC cell invasion and metastasis by directly targeting RDX and that patients with downregulated miR-409-3p are prone to lymph node metastasis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"