Prediction of response to pegylated interferon plus ribavirin in HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients using HCV genotype, IL28B variations, and HCV-RNA load

Karin Neukam, Angela Camacho, Antonio Caruz, Norma Rallón, Almudena Torres-Cornejo, Jürgen K Rockstroh, Juan Macías, Antonio Rivero, José M Benito, Luis F López-Cortés, Jacob Nattermann, Jesús Gómez-Mateos, Vicente Soriano, Juan A Pineda
Journal of Hepatology 2012, 56 (4): 788-94

BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study aimed at developing a predictive algorithm based on interleukin 28B (IL28B) genotype, hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype, and plasma HCV-RNA load, which could accurately allow us to define the probability of response to pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) therapy in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients.

METHODS: Five hundred and twenty-one treatment-naive HIV-infected patients, who initiated HCV therapy with Peg-IFN/RBV, were analysed in an on-treatment basis. Patients were categorized as unlikely responders, uncertain responders, and anticipated responders (<20%, 20-60%, and >60% probability to achieve SVR, respectively).

RESULTS: HCV genotype, baseline HCV-RNA load, and IL28B genotype were confirmed as independent predictors of SVR in a logistic regression analysis. A stepwise algorithm based on these three variables was created based on 321 patients and evaluated in the remaining 200 patients. Unlikely responders included patients with genotype 1 or 4, HCV-RNA load ≥600,000IU/ml, and rs12979860 non-CC (rate of SVR: 17.3%). Anticipated responders were those with HCV genotype 2-3, patients harboring HCV genotype 4 and IL28B CC, as well as those who simultaneously bore HCV genotype 1, HCV-RNA load <600,000IU/ml, and IL28B CC (rate of SVR 74.1%, 77.8%, and 64.4%, respectively). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the model was 0.77 (0.733-0.814).

CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of IL28B genotype, HCV genotype, and HCV-RNA load enables to easily identify patients with a high and very low likelihood of SVR. HCV therapy could be deferred in the latter patients, until more effective options are available, at least if they do not show advanced liver fibrosis.

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