Simple preparation and purification of ethanol-free solutions of 3'-deoxy-3'-[18F]fluorothymidine by means of disposable solid-phase extraction cartridges

Claudio Pascali, Anna Bogni, Lorenza Fugazza, Claudio Cucchi, Ornella Crispu, Luca Laera, Ren Iwata, Greta Maiocchi, Flavio Crippa, Emilio Bombardieri
Nuclear Medicine and Biology 2012, 39 (4): 540-50

INTRODUCTION: 3'-Deoxy-3'-[(18)F]fluorothymidine ([(18)F]FLT) shows great potential as a tracer for proliferative studies with PET. However, its regular application is often limited by low radiochemical yields and the use of a troublesome HPLC separation. Moreover, a high content of ethanol, at least one-fold higher than the European Pharmacopoeia and US Pharmacopoeia's established limit, is always present in the final product. The present study reports an optimization of the reaction conditions and a simple and straightforward purification step which affords a solution of [(18)F]FLT suitable for human use.

METHODS: Several conditions and materials were tested for both the nucleophilic substitution and purification step. The latter was achieved by means of a series of commercial solid-phase extraction cartridges. Very conveniently, the whole one-pot synthesis was carried out on commercial automated modules using basically the same setup employed for the synthesis of [(18)F]FDG.

RESULTS: Under routine conditions, radiochemical yields of 37% [decay-corrected to start of synthesis (SOS)] were achieved in ca. 39 min from SOS, with radiochemical purities >98% (usually >99%). The negligible radiolysis observed could be easily suppressed by adding 0.5% of EtOH. Typical unlabelled chemical impurities detected were thymidine (0.15 ppm), thymine (0.28 ppm) and stavudine (0.05 ppm).

CONCLUSIONS: A reliable, simple and efficient preparation of [(18)F]FLT has been developed, able to afford an ethanol-free solution of the tracer with no need for any HPLC purification. Because of its similarity to the [(18)F]FDG synthesis, the method can be readily implemented on basically all the commercial modules developed for this common radiotracer.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"