Greater response to cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with true complete left bundle branch block: a PREDICT substudy

Mark Jonathan Perrin, Martin S Green, Calum J Redpath, Pablo B Nery, Arieh Keren, Robert S Beanlands, David H Birnie
Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology 2012, 14 (5): 690-5

AIMS: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) benefits patients with heart failure and a wide QRS complex. Still, one-third derive no clinical benefit and a majority of patients demonstrate no objective improvement of left ventricular (LV) function. Left bundle branch block (LBBB) is a strong predictor of response to CRT. We evaluated whether absence of electrocardiogram (ECG) markers of residual left bundle (LB) conduction in guideline-defined LBBB predicted a greater response to CRT.

METHODS AND RESULTS: An r wave ≥1 mm in lead V1 (r-V1) and/or a q wave ≥1 mm in lead aVL (q-aVL) was used to identify patients with residual LB conduction. Forty patients with a wide QRS were prospectively enrolled and subdivided into three groups: complete LBBB (cLBBB), LBBB without r-V1 or q-aVL (n = 12); LBBB with residual LB conduction (rLBBB), LBBB with r-V1 and/or q-aVL (n = 15); and non-specific intraventricular conduction delay (IVCD), (n = 13). Following CRT: mean change in left ventricular ejection fraction was 11.9 ± 11.9% in cLBBB, 3.8 ± 5.4% in rLBBB (P= 0.045), and 2.5 ± 4.4% in IVCD (P= 0.02 cLBBB vs. IVCD); mean reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume was 26.4 ± 39.2% in cLBBB, 14.3 ± 22.9% in rLBBB (P= 0.35), and 5.6 ± 17.3% in IVCD (P= 0.11 cLBBB vs. IVCD); mean change in native QRS duration was -8.0 ± 11.0 ms in cLBBB, -0.8 ± 8.24 ms in rLBBB (P= 0.07), and 0.15 ± 8.0 ms in IVCD (P= 0.048 cLBBB vs. IVCD).

CONCLUSION: In patients with guideline-defined LBBB, the absence of ECG markers of residual LB conduction was predictive of a greater improvement in LV function with CRT.

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