Liquiritigenin inhibits serum-induced HIF-1α and VEGF expression via the AKT/mTOR-p70S6K signalling pathway in HeLa cells

Si-Rou Xie, Yu Wang, Chang-Wei Liu, Kang Luo, Yun-Qing Cai
Phytotherapy Research: PTR 2012, 26 (8): 1133-41
Liquiritigenin (LQ) is a non-toxic dietary flavonoid with chemopreventive and anticancer properties. However, the mechanism of its antiangiogenesis remains unclear. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and its downstream target, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), play a critical role in tumour angiogenesis and represent an attractive chemotherapeutic target. In this study, we investigated the effect of LQ on the molecular mechanism of angiogenesis. We found that LQ inhibited VEGF expression at both mRNA and protein levels. Liquiritigenin did not affect HIF-1α expression at the mRNA level, but it dramatically inhibited both serum- and mimicked hypoxic-induced HIF-1α protein accumulation in HeLa cells. Furthermore, we showed that LQ inhibited serum-induced expression of HIF-1α by reducing its stability and decreased the synthesis in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that LQ inhibited HIF-1α and VEGF expression involved in blocking the protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) signalling pathway, and the mechanisms correlated with dephosphorylation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and its effector ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K). In addition, LQ inhibited VEGF-induced formation of capillary-like structures in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Taken together, our study provided valuable insights into the mechanism of antiangiogenic effect of LQ.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"