Clinical indices for orthodontic mini-implants

Mitsuru Motoyoshi
Journal of Oral Science 2011, 53 (4): 407-12
Orthodontic mini-implants were recently developed and have been widely used in clinics. However, loosening of mini-implants, as well as infection and swelling of mucosal tissue at the placement site, are often observed during orthodontic treatment. Thus, clinical indices are greatly needed for the safe use of orthodontic mini-implants. This article presents information on mini-implants and offers suggestions on indications, placement technique, optimum design, and evaluation of the placement site for mini-implants. The author concludes that 1) mini-implants should be left in the placement site for 3 months before loading to allow for a healing period, which increases the success rate in adolescent patients, 2) placement torque should be considered when tightening mini-implants into bone, as excessively high or low torque results in low stability, 3) mini-implants with optimal screws should be placed in the correct position, and 4) a prepared site should be established in an area with a cortical bone thickness of greater than 1.0 mm, to improve the success rate. Finally, the vector of orthodontic forces in the arrangement with the center of resistance of the entire dental arch should be considered when developing treatment goals.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"