Ouabain increases iNOS-dependent nitric oxide generation which contributes to the hypertrophic effect of the glycoside: possible role of peroxynitrite formation

Xiaohong Tracey Gan, J Craig Hunter, Cathy Huang, Jenny Xue, Venkatesh Rajapurohitam, Sabzali Javadov, Morris Karmazyn
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 2012, 363 (1-2): 323-33
In addition to inotropic effects, cardiac glycosides exert deleterious effects on the heart which limit their use for cardiac therapeutics. In this study, we determined the possible contribution of ouabain-induced iNOS stimulation to the resultant hypertrophic as well as cytotoxic effects of the glycoside on cultured adult rat ventricular myocytes. Myocytes were treated with ouabain (50 μM) for up to 24 h. Ouabain significantly increased gene and protein levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) which was associated with significantly increased release of NO from myocytes as well as increased total release of reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide anion (O(2) (-)), and increased peroxynitrite formation as assessed by protein tyrosine nitration. Administration of ouabain was also associated with increased levels of myocyte toxicity as determined by myocyte morphology, trypan blue staining and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) efflux. The nonspecific NOS inhibitor Nω-nitro-L: -arginine methyl ester and the more selective iNOS inhibitor 1400W both abrogated the increase in LDH release but had no significant effect on either morphology or trypan blue staining. Ouabain also significantly increased both myocyte surface area and expression of atrial natriuretic peptide indicating a hypertrophic response with both parameters being completely prevented by NOS inhibition. The effects of iNOS inhibitors were associated with diminished ouabain tyrosine nitration as well as abrogation of ouabain-induced p38 and ERK phosphorylation. Our study shows that ouabain is a potent inducer of NO formation, iNOS upregulation, and increased production of ROS. Inhibition of ouabain-dependent peroxynitrite formation may contribute to the antihypertrophic effect of iNOS inhibition possibly by preventing downstream MAPK activation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"