COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Risk stratification in stable coronary artery disease: superiority of N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide over high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and traditional risk factors

Edmund Bode, Thomas Wuppinger, Thomas Bode, Hannes Alber, Hanno Ulmer, Otmar Pachinger, Johannes Mair
Coronary Artery Disease 2012, 23 (2): 91-7
22157356

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) with traditional risk markers for estimating prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evaluation of mortality and a combined clinical endpoint (mortality, need for coronary revascularization, myocardial infarction, hospitalization for cardiac causes, or stroke) during an average 3.2-year follow-up in 394 consecutive patients (73% male patients, age: 67±9 years) with angiographically proven stable CAD.

RESULTS: Univariate Kaplan-Meier survival rate analysis showed that traditional risk markers, apart from impaired renal function, three-vessel CAD, and a reduced left ventricular function at the time of coronary angiography, were not of prognostic relevance for prediction of outcome. NT-proBNP, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and gamma-glutamyl transferase were significant predictors of mortality; however, only NT-proBNP was a significant predictor of the combined endpoint. In age-adjusted and sex-adjusted multivariate Cox regression analysis, NT-proBNP was the strongest independent predictor of the combined endpoint (odds ratio 2.92, 95% confidence interval: 1.72-4.94, first vs. third tertile). All three laboratory parameters remained independent risk markers for mortality in multivariate analysis. NT-proBNP, however, revealed the highest odds ratio (5.23, 95% confidence interval: 1.17-23.23, first vs. third tertile). Concentrations greater than 356 ng/l predicted mortality with a sensitivity of 70%, a specificity of 71%, a positive likelihood ratio of 2.4, and a negative likelihood ratio of 0.42.

CONCLUSION: In comparison with other tested novel biomarkers and traditional risk markers, NT-proBNP was the most predictive prognostic marker in multivariate analysis in patients with stable CAD.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22157356
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"