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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Genomic profiling of renal cell carcinoma in patients with end-stage renal disease

Toru Inoue, Keiko Matsuura, Taichiro Yoshimoto, Lam Tung Nguyen, Yoshiyuki Tsukamoto, Chisato Nakada, Naoki Hijiya, Takahiro Narimatsu, Takeo Nomura, Fuminori Sato, Yoji Nagashima, Kenji Kashima, Shingo Hatakeyama, Chikara Ohyama, Kazuyuki Numakura, Tomonori Habuchi, Masayuki Nakagawa, Masao Seto, Hiromitsu Mimata, Masatsugu Moriyama
Cancer Science 2012, 103 (3): 569-76
22145865
The purpose of the present study was to determine the genomic profile of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) by analyzing genomic copy number aberrations. Seventy-nine tumor samples from 63 patients with RCC-ESRD were analyzed by array comparative genomic hybridization using the Agilent Whole Human Genome 4 × 44K Oligo Micro Array (Agilent Technologies Inc., Palo Alto, CA, USA). Unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis revealed that the 63 cases could be divided into two groups, Clusters A and B. Cluster A was comprised mainly of clear cell RCC (CCRCC), whereas Cluster B was comprised mainly of papillary RCC (PRCC), acquired cystic disease (ACD)-associated RCC, and clear cell papillary RCC. Analysis of the averaged frequencies revealed that the genomic profiles of Clusters A and B resembled those of sporadic CCRCC and sporadic PRCC, respectively. Although it has been proposed on the basis of histopathology that ACD-associated RCC, clear cell papillary RCC and PRCC-ESRD are distinct subtypes, the present data reveal that the genomic profiles of these types, categorized as Cluster B, resemble one another. Furthermore, the genomic profiles of PRCC, ACD-associated RCC and clear cell papillary RCC admixed in one tissue tended to resemble one another. On the basis of genomic profiling of RCC-ESRD, we conclude that the molecular pathogenesis of CCRCC-ESRD resembles that of sporadic CCRCC. Although various histologic subtypes of non-clear cell RCC-ESRD have been proposed, their genomic profiles resemble those of sporadic PRCC, suggesting that the molecular pathogenesis of non-CCRCC-ESRD may be related to that of sporadic PRCC.

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