JOURNAL ARTICLE

Stopping renin-angiotensin system inhibitors in chronic kidney disease: predictors of response

Anderson Roman Gonçalves, Arif Khwaja, Aimun K Ahmed, Mohsen El Kossi, Meguid El Nahas
Nephron. Clinical Practice 2011, 119 (4): c348-54
22135795

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors are considered first-line agents for hypertensive patients with progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD). In a previous study, we showed that stopping RAS inhibitors increased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in a significant number of advanced CKD patients. The present study tries to address who would benefit and whether this benefit is predictable.

METHODS: Forty-three CKD stage 4 patients had RAS inhibitors stopped and were followed for at least 24 months. Compared outcome groups were 'alive', 'renal replacement therapy (RRT)' or 'died'. Improvement in eGFR was used in a receiver-operating characteristic curve and finds the best predictor for surviving without RRT.

RESULTS: Patients who survived without RRT were all hypertensive and had a higher eGFR increment after stopping the drugs. Those with eGFR improvement ≥5 ml/min/1.73 m(2) were the most likely to survive long term without RRT (log-rank test, p = 0.03). They had a significant increment in blood pressure that correlated with eGFR improvement (r = 0.403, p = 0.013).

CONCLUSION: A significant increase in eGFR after stopping RAS inhibitors suggests that long-term survival without RRT is more likely. Our findings question the universal preemptive indication of RAS inhibitors in advanced CKD and suggest that they can be safely stopped, at least in some patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22135795
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"