Saxagliptin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: focus on recent studies

Sherwyn L Schwartz
Annals of Medicine 2012, 44 (2): 157-69
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are a class of oral antidiabetic drugs that improve glycemic control without causing weight gain or increasing hypoglycemic risk in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The efficacy and tolerability of saxagliptin, a once-daily DPP-4 inhibitor, administered as monotherapy, as add-on therapy to metformin, a sulfonylurea, or a thiazolidinedione, and as initial combination therapy with metformin, was demonstrated in pivotal 24-week clinical trials. Additional information about the clinical profile of saxagliptin was recently obtained from extension studies, head-to-head clinical trials, and post-hoc analyses. In extension studies, the efficacy and tolerability of add-on saxagliptin and initial saxagliptin-plus-metformin therapy were maintained for up to 102 weeks. Saxagliptin plus metformin was shown to be non-inferior to glipizide plus metformin in lowering glycated hemoglobin from base-line, with reduced body-weight and lower hypoglycemic risk. Post-hoc analyses indicate that the clinical benefits of saxagliptin extend across demographic subgroups and special populations. A meta-analysis found no evidence for increased cardiovascular risk in T2DM patients exposed to saxagliptin for > 1 year. On the basis of this clinical profile, saxagliptin is an attractive option for initial and add-on therapy for T2DM patients with inadequate glycemic control.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"