Clinical outcome following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in patients with impaired left ventricular systolic function

Robert M van der Boon, Rutger-Jan Nuis, Nicolas M Van Mieghem, Luis M Benitez, Robert-Jan van Geuns, Tjebbe W Galema, Ron T van Domburg, Marcel L Geleijnse, Antonio Dager, Peter P de Jaegere
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 2012 April 1, 79 (5): 702-10

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of impaired left ventricular (LV) systolic function and its impact on the in-hospital and long-term outcome in patients who underwent Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI).

BACKGROUND: Although impaired LV function may be considered a contra-indication for aortic valve replacement, the hemodynamic characteristics of transcatheter valves may offer procedural and long-term clinical benefit in such patients.

METHODS: 230 consecutive patients underwent TAVI with the Medtronic-CoreValve System. Impaired LV function was defined by a Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35% (European Multicenter Study on Operative Risk Stratification and Long-term Outcome in patients with Low-Flow/Low-Gradient Aortic Stenosis). Study endpoints were selected and defined according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium recommendations.

RESULTS: Compared with patients with a LVEF > 35% (n = 197), those with LVEF ≤ 35% (n = 33) were more often male (78.8 % vs. 46.7%, P < 0.001), more symptomatic (NYHA class III or IV, 97.0% vs. 77.2%, P = 0.008) and had a higher prevalence of prior coronary artery disease (63.6% vs. 43.1%, P = 0.029). The Logistic EuroSCORE was 14.8% and 22.8, respectively (P = 0.012). No difference was observed between the two groups in in-hospital or 30-day mortality (3.0% vs. 9.6%, P = 0.21), the Combined Safety Endpoint at 30 days (24.2% and 24.4%, P = 0.99) and survival free from readmission at one year (69.2% and 69.7%, P = 0.85). After adjustment, LVEF ≤ 35% was not associated with an increased risk of 30-day mortality, in-hospital complications and survival free from readmission at follow-up.

CONCLUSION: The immediate and long-term outcome after TAVI did not differ between patients with an impaired and preserved LVEF. LVEF ≤ 35% did not predict adverse immediate and long-term outcome. These findings suggest that TAVI should not be withheld in selected patients with impaired LV function.

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