IgA anti-p200 pemphigoid

Katarzyna Wozniak, Takashi Hashimoto, Shunpei Fukuda, Bungo Ohyama, Norito Ishii, Hiroshi Koga, Teruki Dainichi, Cezary Kowalewski
Archives of Dermatology 2011, 147 (11): 1306-10

BACKGROUND: Anti-p200 pemphigoid is a rare autoimmune subepidermal blistering disorder. Clinically, it may resemble bullous pemphigoid, linear IgA bullous dermatosis, or dermatitis herpetiformis. Immunologically, anti-p200 pemphigoid is characterized by the development of IgG antibodies directed against a basement membrane zone protein with a molecular weight of 200 kDa.

OBSERVATIONS: We report the first case, to our knowledge, of anti-p200 pemphigoid associated with IgA antibodies and having clinical features resembling pemphigus herpetiformis or dermatitis herpetiformis localized on traumatized areas. Histopathological examination of lesional skin showed dermal-epidermal separation and microabscesses composed of neutrophils in the dermal papillae. Direct immunofluorescence disclosed the presence exclusively of linear in vivo-bound IgA along the basement membrane zone. With the use of laser scanning confocal microscopy, in vivo-bound IgA was localized above collagen type IV and colocalized with laminin 332. Indirect immunofluorescence showed circulating IgA antibodies against basement membrane zone at a titer of 1:160 that reacted with the floor of an artificial blister of salt-split skin. Western immunoblot analysis using dermal extract confirmed the reactivity of circulating IgA antibodies with the 200-kDa antigen corresponding to laminin γ1; however, immunoblotting using recombinant protein of 107 amino acid C-terminus of laminin γ1 was negative for circulating IgA antibodies. Immunoelectron microscopy disclosed the reactivity of circulating IgA autoantibodies within the lower lamina lucida.

CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case fulfilling the immunopathological criteria for anti-p200 pemphigoid associated with IgA antibodies and having unusual clinical features.

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