Relationships between eccentric hip isokinetic torque and functional performance

Rodrigo de Marche Baldon, Ferreira Moreira Lobato D, Lívia Pinheiro Carvalho, Yan Lam Wun P, Cátia Valéria Presotti, Fábio Viadanna Serrão
Journal of Sport Rehabilitation 2012, 21 (1): 26-33

CONTEXT: Recently, attention in sports has been given to eccentric hip-muscle function, both in preventing musculoskeletal injuries and improving performance.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the key isokinetic variables of eccentric hip torque that predict the functional performance of women in the single-leg triple long jump (TLJ) and the timed 6-m single-leg hop (TH).

DESIGN: Within-subject correlational study.

SETTING: Musculoskeletal laboratory.

PARTICIPANTS: 32 healthy women age 18-25 y.

INTERVENTION: The participants performed 2 sets of 5 eccentric hip-abductor/adductor and lateral/medial-rotator isokinetic contractions (30°/s) and 3 attempts in the TLJ and TH.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The independent variables were the eccentric hip-abductor and -adductor and medial- and lateral-rotator isokinetic peak torque, normalized according to body mass (Nm/kg). The dependent variables were the longest distance achieved in the TLJ normalized according to body height and the shortest time spent during the execution of the TH.

RESULTS: The forward-stepwise-regression analysis showed that the combination of the eccentric hip lateral-rotator and -abductor isokinetic peak torque provided the most efficient estimate of both functional tests, explaining 65% of the TLJ variance (P < .001) and 55% of the TH variance (P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS: Higher values for eccentric hip lateral-rotator and hip-abductor torques reflected better performance. Thus, the eccentric action of these muscles should be considered in the development of physical training programs that aim to increase functional performance.

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