Abnormal end-tidal PO(2) and PCO(2) at the anaerobic threshold correlate well with impaired exercise gas exchange in patients with left ventricular dysfunction

Hiroto Kano, Akira Koike, Masayo Hoshimoto-Iwamoto, Osamu Nagayama, Koji Sakurada, Takeya Suzuki, Hidekazu Tsuneoka, Hitoshi Sawada, Tadanori Aizawa, Karlman Wasserman
Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society 2012, 76 (1): 79-87

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare the end-tidal O(2) pressure (PETO(2)) to end-tidal CO(2) pressure (PETCO(2)) in cardiac patients during rest and during 2 states of exercise: at anaerobic threshold (AT) and at peak. The purpose was to see which metabolic state, PETO(2) or PETCO(2), best correlated with exercise limitation.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <40% underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX). PETO(2) and PETCO(2) were measured during CPX, along with peak O(2) uptake (VO(2)), AT, slope of the increase in ventilation (VE) relative to the increase in CO(2) output (VCO(2)) (VE vs. VCO(2) slope), and the ratio of the increase in VO(2) to the increase in work rate (ΔVO(2)/ΔWR). Both PETO(2) and PETCO(2) measured at AT were best correlated with peakVO(2), AT, ΔVO(2)/ΔWR and VE vs. VCO(2) slope. PETO(2) at AT correlated with reduced peak VO(2) (r=-0.60), reduced AT (r=-0.52), reduced ΔVO(2)/ΔWR (r=-0.55) and increased VE vs. VCO(2) slope (r=0.74). PETCO(2) at AT correlated with reduced peak VO(2) (r=0.67), reduced AT (r=0.61), reduced ΔVO(2)/ΔWR (r=0.58) and increased VE vs. VCO(2) slope (r=-0.80).

CONCLUSIONS: PETCO(2) and PETO(2) at AT correlated with peak VO(2), AT and ΔVO(2)/ΔWR, but best correlated with increased VE vs. VCO(2) slope. PETO(2) and PETCO(2) at AT can be used as a prime index of impaired cardiopulmonary function during exercise in patients with LV failure.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"