JOURNAL ARTICLE

Abnormal end-tidal PO(2) and PCO(2) at the anaerobic threshold correlate well with impaired exercise gas exchange in patients with left ventricular dysfunction

Hiroto Kano, Akira Koike, Masayo Hoshimoto-Iwamoto, Osamu Nagayama, Koji Sakurada, Takeya Suzuki, Hidekazu Tsuneoka, Hitoshi Sawada, Tadanori Aizawa, Karlman Wasserman
Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society 2012, 76 (1): 79-87
22094908

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare the end-tidal O(2) pressure (PETO(2)) to end-tidal CO(2) pressure (PETCO(2)) in cardiac patients during rest and during 2 states of exercise: at anaerobic threshold (AT) and at peak. The purpose was to see which metabolic state, PETO(2) or PETCO(2), best correlated with exercise limitation.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <40% underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX). PETO(2) and PETCO(2) were measured during CPX, along with peak O(2) uptake (VO(2)), AT, slope of the increase in ventilation (VE) relative to the increase in CO(2) output (VCO(2)) (VE vs. VCO(2) slope), and the ratio of the increase in VO(2) to the increase in work rate (ΔVO(2)/ΔWR). Both PETO(2) and PETCO(2) measured at AT were best correlated with peakVO(2), AT, ΔVO(2)/ΔWR and VE vs. VCO(2) slope. PETO(2) at AT correlated with reduced peak VO(2) (r=-0.60), reduced AT (r=-0.52), reduced ΔVO(2)/ΔWR (r=-0.55) and increased VE vs. VCO(2) slope (r=0.74). PETCO(2) at AT correlated with reduced peak VO(2) (r=0.67), reduced AT (r=0.61), reduced ΔVO(2)/ΔWR (r=0.58) and increased VE vs. VCO(2) slope (r=-0.80).

CONCLUSIONS: PETCO(2) and PETO(2) at AT correlated with peak VO(2), AT and ΔVO(2)/ΔWR, but best correlated with increased VE vs. VCO(2) slope. PETO(2) and PETCO(2) at AT can be used as a prime index of impaired cardiopulmonary function during exercise in patients with LV failure.

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