JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization plus percutaneous thermal ablation in large hepatocellular carcinoma: clinical observation of efficacy and predictors of prognostic factors]

Wen-Zhe Fan, Jian-Yong Yang, Ming-de Lü, Xiao-Yan Xie, Xiao-Yu Yin, Yong-Hui Huang, Ming Kuang, He-Ping Li, Hui-Xiong Xu, Jia-Ping Li
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal] 2011 August 23, 91 (31): 2190-4
22094036

OBJECTIVE: To explore the technical success rate, efficacy, overall survival, recurrence-free survival and prognostic factors of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) plus thermal ablations of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) in the patients with large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

METHODS: Forty-five cases with Child-pugh class A, B cirrhosis and large HCC with a maximum tumor between 5.0 cm to 10.0 cm underwent TACE and thermal ablation. Twenty-five patients received TACE plus RFA while the other 20 patients underwent TACE plus MWA. Their efficacy, long-term survival and prognostic factors were statistically analyzed.

RESULTS: TACE plus thermal ablation were performed in 84 tumors with a successful rate of 100% (86/86) and a complete ablation rate of 94.0% (79/84). The major complication rate was 6.7% (3/45). Local and distant recurrence rates were 66.7% (30/45) and 71.1% (32/45) respectively. The 1 and 2-year recurrence-free survival rates were 26.7% (12/45) and 13.3% (6/45). And the 1, 2 and 3-year survival rates were 80.0% (36/45), 33.3% (15/45) and 6.7% (3/45) respectively. Univariate and Cox regression analyses indicated that tumor size > 7.0 cm, multi-nodularity, incomplete necrosis and pretherapy α-fetoprotein (AFP) ≥ 200 µg/L were 4 unfavorable prognostic factors for the long-term survival.

CONCLUSION: The combined procedures of TACE and percutaneous thermal ablation are both safe and effective for the unresectable large HCC (> 5.0 cm). It represents an alleviate treatment for those patients with tumor size > 7.0 cm. Tumor size, tumor number, completeness of necrosis and AFP level are all significant prognostic factors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22094036
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"