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Management of severe anogenital acne inversa (hidradenitis suppurativa).

BACKGROUND: Severe anogenital acne inversa (AI) is a debilitating chronic inflammatory disease with a major negative effect on quality of life.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of surgery in the treatment of severe anogenital AI.

METHODS: We analyzed the records of patients with anogenital AI from 2000 to 2010. Assessment was done using the Hidradenitis Suppurativa Lesion, Area, and Severity Index (HS-LASI), pain visual analogue scale, physician global assessment (PhGA), and patient global assessment (PaGA). Comorbidities and adverse events were analyzed.

RESULTS: Sixty-seven patients with a Hurley score of 3 were identified. Mean follow-up was 56.9 ± 41.3 months. A number of comorbidities were observed. After surgery, mean pain scores decreased from 6.3 ± 1.5 to 0.8 ± 0.7, PhGA improved from 6.8 ± 1.2 to 0.9 ± 0.6, PaGA improved from 7.3 ± 1.2 to 1.1 ± 0.5, and HS-LASI decreased from 41.8 ± 21.3 to 2.4 ± 2.8. Adverse reactions were seen in 10.4%. The total relapse rate was 6% (5 patients) with only one case with healing by secondary intention (2% of 49 patients).

CONCLUSIONS: Surgery is the cornerstone of treatment for advanced AI. Healing by secondary intention results in significant reduction of complaints and achieves satisfying body contouring.

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