120-W 2-µm thulium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet vapoenucleation of the prostate: 12-month follow-up

Christopher Netsch, Laura Pohlmann, Thomas R W Herrmann, Andreas J Gross, Thorsten Bach
BJU International 2012, 110 (1): 96-101

UNLABELLED: Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Thulium VapoEnucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) has been introduced as a minimally invasive treatment modality of benign prostate obstruction (BPO). This study reports the largest series of patients with symptomatic BPO undergoing ThuVEP. Efficacy of this procedure was confirmed by prostate volume and PSA measurements at 12-month follow up, which have not been reported after ThuVEP so far.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of 120-W 2-µm thulium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (YAG) vapoenucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) for patients with symptomatic benign prostatic obstruction.

METHOD: In total, 207 consecutive patients undergoing ThuVEP at our institution were evaluated prospectively. ThuVEP was carried out using the 120-W 2-µm continuous-wave Tm:YAG laser. The enucleated tissue was then morcellated within the bladder. Patient demographic, perioperative and 12-month follow-up data were analysed. The complications were assessed.

RESULTS: Mean preoperative prostate volume was 57.8 ± 31.5 mL. Total operation duration averaged 64.9 ± 29.9 min, and the enucleation time was 36.5 ± 20.1 min. The mean catheter time was 2.2 ± 0.6 days. Thirteen (6.28%) patients required a second-look operation in the immediate postoperative course (failed morcellation n= 1, clot retention n= 4, residual tissue at the apex of the prostate n= 8). Four patients needed blood transfusions (1.93%) postoperatively. In all, 147 (71%) patients were available for review at the 12-month follow-up mark. Quality of life (4.4 ± 1.3 vs 1.2 ± 1.1), international prostate symptom score (21.9 ± 7.2 vs 5.1 ± 4), maximum urinary flow rate (9.4 ± 3.8 vs 23.5 ± 10.9 mL/s), postvoiding residual urine (159.2 ± 153.2 vs 26.7 ± 38.3 mL), prostate-specific antigen (5.0 ± 5.2 vs 0.6 ± 0.5 ng/mL) and prostate volume (57.8 ± 31.5 vs 10.7 ± 4.4 mL) changed significantly (P= 0.000). Median prostate-specific antigen reduction and prostate volume reduction were 87% and 80% respectively at follow-up. Urethral stricture and bladder neck contracture developed in 1.45% and 1.93% respectively of the patients.

CONCLUSION: 120-W ThuVEP is a safe and efficacious procedure for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic obstruction. The incidence of complications with ThuVEP was low.

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