COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Treatment of clavicle fractures: current concepts review

Olivier A van der Meijden, Trevor R Gaskill, Peter J Millett
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2012, 21 (3): 423-9
22063756
Clavicle fractures are common in adults and children. Most commonly, these fractures occur within the middle third of the clavicle and exhibit some degree of displacement. Whereas many midshaft clavicle fractures can be treated nonsurgically, recent evidence suggests that more severe fracture types exhibit higher rates of symptomatic nonunion or malunion. Although the indications for surgical fixation of midshaft clavicle fractures remain controversial, they appear to be broadening. Most fractures of the medial or lateral end of the clavicle can be treated nonsurgically if fracture fragments remain stable. Surgical intervention may be required in cases of neurovascular compromise or significant fracture displacement. In children and adolescents, these injuries mostly consist of physeal separations, which have a large healing potential and can therefore be managed conservatively. Current concepts of clavicle fracture management are discussed including surgical indications, techniques, and results.

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