MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Functional and anatomic response of the retina and the choroid to intravitreal bevacizumab for macular edema

Raimondo Forte, Gilda Cennamo, Maria Angelica Breve, Elisabetta Chiariello Vecchio, Giuseppe de Crecchio
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2012, 28 (1): 69-75
22059904

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the rate of change of best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal sensitivity, and retinal and choroidal thickness in patients with macular edema after intravitreal bevacizumab.

METHODS: This was a prospective, nonrandomized, interventional study. Thirty-four consecutive eyes (34 patients) with macular edema were included in the study. Choroidal neovascularization was present in 21 cases, stage 1 retinal angiomatous proliferation in 6 cases, branch retinal vein occlusion in 4 cases, and diabetic edema in 3 cases. Evaluation of BCVA (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study [ETDRS] logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [LogMAR]), central retinochoroidal thickness (RCT) at standardized A-scan, combined optical coherence tomography/microperimetric assessment of central retinal thickness (RT), central scotoma, and fixation behavior was performed during 12 months after treatment. Choroidal thickness was considered as the difference between RCT and RT. All patients received two initial intravitreal bevacizumab injections (1.25 mg/0.05 mL) at a 1-month interval.

RESULTS: BCVA and RT during follow-up were significantly better than at baseline. BCVA was improved of 0.32±0.3 LogMAR (P<0.001) at month 1, 0.18±0.4 LogMAR (P=0.05) at month 6, and 0.14±0.2 (P=0.09) at month 12. RT was reduced by 172.9±192.8 μm (P<0.001) at month 1, 157.7±134.2 μm (P=0.003) at month 6, and 164.3±122.3 (P=0.002) at month 12. Mean retinal sensitivity significantly increased during the first month; it decreased afterward, but an improvement if compared with baseline was present at each visit during follow-up. In 23.5% of cases, a choroidal thinning was present during follow-up, and in this group visual acuity at baseline and final visual improvement were significantly greater if compared with patients showing a choroidal thickening.

CONCLUSION: Intravitreal bevacizumab for macular edema determines significant functional and anatomic improvement at the 12-month follow-up. Visual acuity at baseline and following treatment could be influenced by the choroidal involvement.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22059904
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"