Kindlin-2: a novel adhesion protein related to tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, and patient outcome in gastric cancer

Zhanlong Shen, Yingjiang Ye, Lingyi Dong, Sanna Vainionpää, Harri Mustonen, Pauli Puolakkainen, Shan Wang
American Journal of Surgery 2012, 203 (2): 222-9

BACKGROUND: Kindlin-2 has been confirmed as an essential element of bidirectional integrin signaling. In recent years, the relationship between Kindlin-2 expression and cancers has been a focus of interest. However, the relationship between Kindlin-2 expression in gastric cancer and tumor invasion, metastasis, and the outcome of patients have not been studied.

METHODS: Kindlin-2 expression at protein and RNA levels were detected by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction in 40 pairs of gastric cancer samples. In addition, the correlations between Kindlin-2 expression and clinicopathologic factors as well as the prognosis of the patients were analyzed. Multivariate Cox regression was used to study the effect of Kindlin-2 expression on overall and progression-free survival.

RESULTS: We found that Kindlin-2 was up-regulated both at RNA (P = .027) and protein levels (P = .014) in gastric cancer tissues. Tumor samples with high Kindlin-2 expression (Kindlin-2/β-actin:tumor tissue/paraneoplastic tissue, ≥2) was observed in 55% of the patients. Moreover, Kindlin-2 expression had a significant positive correlation with tumor stromal invasion (P = .014), lymph node metastasis (P = .007), and TNM stage (P = .014). Patients with high Kindlin-2 expression had significantly poorer overall survival (P = .012) and progression-free survival (P = .012). High Kindlin-2 expression was an independent risk factor of progression-free survival (hazard ratio, 5.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-3.3; P = .032).

CONCLUSIONS: Kindlin-2 may play an important role in the development of gastric cancer and it is a potential factor that could be used to evaluate the outcome of gastric cancer. Kindlin-2 may shed new light on evaluating the prognosis and targeted therapy of gastric cancer.

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