A cross-sectional evaluation of venous thromboembolism risk and use of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in hospitalized patients in Senegal

Serigne Abdou Bâ, Seydou B Badiane, Said N Diop, Fatou S Diouf, Diadié Fall, Mamadou M Ka, Abdoul Kane, Mouhamadou Ndiaye
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 2011, 104 (10): 493-501

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism is a common and preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. There is a lack of data on the distribution of risk factors and prophylaxis practices in sub-Saharan Africa.

AIM: To assess the prevalence of venous thromboembolism risk in hospitalized patients and to determine the proportion of at-risk patients who receive prophylaxis.

METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional hospital-based survey. On the basis of the global ENDORSE methodology, patients aged≥40 years admitted to a medical ward or those aged≥18 years admitted to a surgical ward were assessed for risk of venous thromboembolism by hospital chart review. Distribution of risk factors and coverage of prophylaxis in at-risk patients were determined using the 2004 American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based consensus guidelines.

RESULTS: From October to November 2008, 520 patients (278 medical; 242 surgical) were enrolled in 12 hospitals across Senegal. Two hundred and ninety-eight (57%) were at risk of venous thromboembolism; 152 (57.4%) medical patients and 146 (60.3%) surgical patients. Among those at risk, 48 (31.6%) medical patients and 52 (35.6%) surgical patients received a prescription for prophylaxis. Among patients without contraindication to anticoagulants, 33.8% (46/136) on medical wards and 37.5% (48/128) on surgical wards received prophylaxis.

CONCLUSION: The risk of venous thromboembolism was frequent in hospitalized patients in Senegal but only a few received the recommended prophylaxis. There is a need to implement a programme to improve venous thromboembolism awareness and prophylaxis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"