JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

The efficacy and safety of terlipressin and albumin in patients with type 1 hepatorenal syndrome: a multicenter, open-label, explorative study

Yoshiyuki Narahara, Hidenori Kanazawa, Choitsu Sakamoto, Hitoshi Maruyama, Osamu Yokosuka, Satoshi Mochida, Masahito Uemura, Hiroshi Fukui, Yasukiyo Sumino, Yasushi Matsuzaki, Naohiko Masaki, Shigehiro Kokubu, Kiwamu Okita
Journal of Gastroenterology 2012, 47 (3): 313-20
22038555

BACKGROUND: Treatment with terlipressin and albumin has been reported recently to be effective in improving renal function in the treatment of cirrhotic patients with hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). The aim of this prospective, multicenter study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of treatment with terlipressin and albumin in Japanese cirrhotic patients with type 1 HRS.

METHODS: Eight cirrhotic patients with type 1 HRS were included in the study. Terlipressin (2.8 ± 0.4 mg/day) and albumin (25.7 ± 2.8 g/day) were given simultaneously for 6.3 ± 4.2 days.

RESULTS: Urine volume was significantly increased (p < 0.05) at the end of treatment compared with baseline. Serum creatinine levels were significantly decreased from 2.84 ± 0.45 to 1.08 ± 0.33 mg/dl (-61.9 ± 9.9%, p < 0.05) after terlipressin and albumin administration. Creatinine clearance was significantly increased (p < 0.05) after treatment. Plasma renin activity and norepinephrine were significantly decreased (p < 0.05) after therapy. Six of the 8 patients (75%) showed a complete response (reduction of serum creatinine to 1.5 mg/dl or less). The cumulative probabilities of survival at 4 and 12 weeks were 63 and 13%, respectively. Complication of congestive heart failure possibly related to this regimen was seen in 1 patient, but ischemic adverse events were not observed during the treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with terlipressin and albumin improves renal function in cirrhotic patients with type 1 HRS. However, the survival of cirrhotic patients with type 1 HRS remains poor, although it may be improved by this specific therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22038555
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"