[Chemical and thermal eye burns. Conservatíve and surgical options of a stage-dependent therapy]

H G Struck, N F Schrage
Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft 2011, 108 (10): 921-8
The basic principles of first aid for chemical and thermal burns are discussed. In the acute phase the primary goal of all measurements is the prevention or limitation of tissue destruction. The further therapeutic care is focused on the modulation of the inflammatory response, the prevention of a bacterial infection and secondary glaucoma and the stimulation of wound healing. The individual concept of measures to be taken is recruited from the careful identification of necrotic tissue, the eye burn classification of severity and on the basis of all described medical and surgical therapy options. In the case of severe and very severe ocular burns a comprehensive surgical reconstruction is included. All outpatient departments and eye clinics taking part on the treatment have to ensure a standardized complete and scientifically valid therapy regime to restore vision.

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