Carnosic acid induces the NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 expression in rat clone 9 cells through the p38/nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 pathway

Chia-Wen Tsai, Chia-Yuan Lin, Yu-Jung Wang
Journal of Nutrition 2011, 141 (12): 2119-25
The anticarcinogenic effect of rosemary has been partly attributed to the modulation of the activity and expression of phase II detoxification enzymes. Here we compared the effects of phenolic diterpenes from rosemary on the expression of NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) in rat Clone 9 liver cells. Cells were treated with 1-20 μmol/L of carnosic acid (CA) or carnosol (CS) for 24 h. Both CA and CS dose dependently increased NQO1 enzyme activity and protein expression, and the induction potency of CA was stronger than that of CS. The increase in NQO1 enzyme activity in cells treated with 10 μmol/L CA and CS was 4.1- and 1.9-fold, respectively (P < 0.05). RT-PCR showed that CA and CS induced NQO1 mRNA in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, CA dose dependently induced transcription of nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and antioxidant response element (ARE)-luciferase reporter activity. Silencing of Nrf2 expression alleviated NQO1 protein expression and ARE-luciferase activity by CA. Moreover, the phosphorylation of p38 was mainly stimulated in the presence of CA. Pretreatment with SB203580 or silencing of p38 expression inhibited Nrf2 activation and NQO1 induction. These results suggest that the increased NQO1 expression by CA is likely related to the p38-Nrf2 pathway and help to clarify the possible molecular mechanism of action of rosemary phenolic compounds in drug metabolism and cancer prevention.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"