Isolation of multiple-triazole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus strains carrying the TR/L98H mutations in the cyp51A gene in India

Anuradha Chowdhary, Shallu Kathuria, Harbans S Randhawa, Shailendra N Gaur, Corné H Klaassen, Jacques F Meis
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2012, 67 (2): 362-6

OBJECTIVES: Azole resistance in Aspergillus fumigatus isolates impacts on the management of aspergillosis since azoles are primary agents used for prophylaxis and therapy. We report the emergence of resistance to triazoles in two A. fumigatus isolates from patients in Delhi, India.

METHODS: One hundred and three A. fumigatus isolates, collected from 85 patients suspected of bronchopulmonary aspergillosis during 2005-10, were investigated for susceptibility to itraconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole and isavuconazole. We undertook a mixed-format real-time PCR assay for the detection of mutations leading to triazole resistance in A. fumigatus. The resistant isolates were compared with 25 Dutch TR/L98H-positive isolates by microsatellite analysis.

RESULTS: Of the 103 A. fumigatus isolates tested, only 2 had high MIC values of itraconazole (>16 mg/L), voriconazole (2 mg/L), posaconazole (2 mg/L) and isavuconazole (8 mg/L). The resistant A. fumigatus isolates exhibited the TR/L98H genotype and showed identical patterns by microsatellite typing, but were different from 25 Dutch TR/L98H isolates.

CONCLUSIONS: We report for the first time from India the occurrence of TR/L98H mutations in the cyp51A gene (responsible for reduced azole susceptibility) in two A. fumigatus isolates from patients with chronic respiratory disease who had not previously been exposed to azoles. The presence of TR/L98H is consistent with a route of resistance development through exposure to azole compounds in the environment. Given the emergence of azole resistance in environmental strains, continued surveillance of resistance in clinical A. fumigatus strains is desirable for successful therapy of aspergillosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"