Catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol using biogenic gold and silver nanoparticles derived from Breynia rhamnoides

Abilash Gangula, Ramakrishna Podila, Ramakrishna M, Lohith Karanam, Chelli Janardhana, Apparao M Rao
Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 2011 December 20, 27 (24): 15268-74
A simple, green method is described for the synthesis of Gold (Au) and Silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) from the stem extract of Breynia rhamnoides. Unlike other biological methods for NP synthesis, the uniqueness of our method lies in its fast synthesis rates (~7 min for AuNPs) and the ability to tune the nanoparticle size (and subsequently their catalytic activity) via the extract concentration used in the experiment. The phenolic glycosides and reducing sugars present in the extract are largely responsible for the rapid reduction rates of Au(3+) ions to AuNPs. Efficient reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP) in the presence of AuNPs (or AgNPs) and NaBH(4) was observed and was found to depend upon the nanoparticle size or the stem extract concentration used for synthesis.

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