Coronary CT angiography of patients with a normal body mass index using 80 kVp versus 100 kVp: a prospective, multicenter, multivendor randomized trial

Troy M LaBounty, Jonathon Leipsic, Rohan Poulter, David Wood, Mark Johnson, Monvadi B Srichai, Ricardo C Cury, Brett Heilbron, Cameron Hague, Fay Y Lin, Carolyn Taylor, John R Mayo, Yogesh Thakur, James P Earls, G B John Mancini, Allison Dunning, Millie J Gomez, James K Min
AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology 2011, 197 (5): W860-7

OBJECTIVE: We determined the effect of reduced 80-kVp tube voltage on the radiation dose and image quality of coronary CT angiography (CTA) in patients with a normal body mass index (BMI).

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, multivendor trial was performed of 208 consecutive patients with a normal BMI (< 25 kg/m(2)) who had been referred for coronary CTA and did not have a history of coronary revascularization. Patients were randomized to 80-kVp imaging (n = 103) or 100-kVp imaging (n = 105). Three blinded readers graded interpretability and image quality. Study signal, noise, and contrast were also compared.

RESULTS: Imaging with 80 kVp instead of 100 kVp was associated with 47% lower median radiation dose (median dose-length product, 62.0 mGy · cm [interquartile range, 54.0-123.3 mGy · cm] vs 117.0 mGy · cm [110.0-225.9 mGy · cm], respectively; 0.9 mSv [0.8-1.7 mSv] vs 1.6 mSv [1.4-3.2 mSv]; p < 0.001 for each) with no significant difference in interpretability (99% vs 99%; p = 0.99) or image quality (median score, 4.0 [interquartile range, 3.6-4.0] vs 4.0 [interquartile range, 3.8-4.0]; p = 0.20). Studies obtained using 80 kVp were associated with 27% increased signal (mean ± SD, 756 ± 157 vs 594 ± 105 HU; p < 0.001), 25% higher contrast (890 ± 156 vs 709 ± 108 HU; p < 0.001), and 50% greater noise (55 ± 15 vs 37 ± 12 HU; p < 0.001) with resultant 15% and 16% decreases in signal-to-noise (mean ± SD, 15 ± 5 vs 17 ± 5; p < 0.001) and contrast-to-noise (mean ± SD, 17 ± 6 vs 21 ± 5; p < 0.001) ratios, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Coronary CTA using 80 kVp instead of 100 kVp was associated with a nearly 50% reduction in radiation dose with no significant difference in interpretability and noninferior image quality despite lower signal-to-noise and contrast-to-noise ratios. The use of 80-kVp tube voltage should be considered in dose-reduction strategies for coronary CTA of individuals with a normal BMI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"