JOURNAL ARTICLE

An evaluation of the effects of Lactobacillus ingluviei on body weight, the intestinal microbiome and metabolism in mice

Emmanouil Angelakis, Delphine Bastelica, Amira Ben Amara, Adil El Filali, Anne Dutour, Jean-Louis Mege, Marie-Christine Alessi, Didier Raoult
Microbial Pathogenesis 2012, 52 (1): 61-8
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BACKGROUND: Food can modify the intestinal flora, and Lactobacillus ingluviei has been shown to cause weight gain in chicks and ducks but not in mammals.

METHODOLOGY: Female BALB/c mice were divided into a control and two experimental groups and were inoculated either once or twice with L. ingluviei or with PBS. Faecal samples were collected and tested using qPCR in order to detect and quantify Lactobacillus spp., Bacteroidetes spp. and Firmicutes spp. Gene expression was examined in liver and adipose tissue by microarray and qPCR. Metabolic indicators in the plasma were also measured.

RESULTS: Mice that were inoculated with 4 × 10(10) L. ingluviei presented a significant increase in weight gain and liver weight and significant increases in Lactobacillus spp. and Firmicutes DNA copy numbers in their faeces. The mRNA levels of fatty acyl synthase (Fas), sterol regulatory element binding factor 1 (Srebp1c), tumour necrosis factor alpha (Tnf), cytochrome P450 2E1 (Cyp2e1), 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (Pdpk1), acyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase 11 (Acad11), ATP-binding cassette sub family member G (ABCG2) and DEAD box polypeptide 25 (Ddx25) were significantly elevated in the liver tissues of animals in the experimental group. In gonadal adipose tissue, the expression levels of leptin, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (Pparg) and Srebp1c were significantly higher in animals from the experimental group, whereas the expression of adiponectin was significantly lower in these animals.

CONCLUSIONS: The inoculation of L. ingluviei in mice resulted in alterations in the intestinal flora, increased weight gain and liver enlargement, accelerated metabolism and increased inflammation.

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