Models of safe nutrition of children and adolescents as a basis for prevention of obesity

Halina Weker, Marta Barańska
Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego 2011, 15 (3): 288-97

AIM: The aim of the study was to present up-to-date nutrition models for children and adolescents in Poland on the basis of current research on obesity prevention.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Up-to-date results of research on the link between nutritional factor and the nutritional status of children and adolescents, nutritional standards and recommendations of expert teams on healthy diet were analysed, based on the review of literature (Medline database) from the years 2005-2010.

RESULTS: The main components of the model of safe nutrition for children and adolescents, which according to the current views should be combined with obesity prevention, include the frequency of meals, selection of products in a daily diet and observance of norms concerning energy and nutritional value of the diets. Other factors include family and environmental determinants, including dietary habits and behaviour, knowledge about nutrition and physical activity.

CONCLUSIONS: The models of safe nutrition for children and adolescents in Poland are compliant with the current nutritional recommendations of the WHO and EU standards. The developed models of safe nutrition for children and adolescents must not only be popularised but also their efficiency needs to be increased by adjusting them to various groups of recipients.

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