The sFlt-1/PlGF ratio in different types of hypertensive pregnancy disorders and its prognostic potential in preeclamptic patients

Stefan Verlohren, Ignacio Herraiz, Olav Lapaire, Dietmar Schlembach, Manfred Moertl, Harald Zeisler, Pavel Calda, Wolfgang Holzgreve, Alberto Galindo, Theresa Engels, Barbara Denk, Holger Stepan
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2012, 206 (1): 58.e1-8

OBJECTIVE: The soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase (sFlt-1)/placental growth factor (PlGF) ratio is a reliable tool in the assessment of preeclampsia. We tested the hypothesis that the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio is able to identify women at risk for imminent delivery. We characterized the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio in different types of hypertensive pregnancy disorders.

STUDY DESIGN: We investigated 388 singleton pregnancies with normal pregnancy outcome, 164 with PE, 36 with gestational hypertension, and 42 with chronic hypertension. sFlt-1 and PlGF were measured in serum samples.

RESULTS: Patients with preeclampsia had a significantly increased sFlt-1/PlGF ratio as compared with controls and with patients with chronic and gestational hypertension in <34 weeks and ≥34 weeks (P < .001). Time to delivery was significantly reduced in women with preeclampsia in the highest quartile of the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio (P < .001).

CONCLUSION: The sFlt-1/PlGF ratio allows the identification of women at risk for imminent delivery and is a reliable tool to discriminate between different types of pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders.

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