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Efficiency of supersaturated calcium phosphate mouth rinse treatment in patients receiving high-dose melphalan or BEAM prior to autologous blood stem cell transplantation: a single-center experience

A Waśko-Grabowska, P Rzepecki, S Oborska, J Barzał, K Gawroński, B Młot, C Szczylik
Transplantation Proceedings 2011, 43 (8): 3111-3
21996239

OBJECTIVE: Oral mucositis (OM) is an unresolved problem among patients treated with a high-dose therapy supported by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We tested the ability of supersaturated calcium phosphate mouth rinse (Caphosol) to ameliorate oral mucosal injury induced by a conditioning regimen.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with hematologic malignancies were treated with Caphosol to prevent OM during HSCT procedures. The conditioning regimens for 16 patients were BGNU 300 mg/m2, day 6; ARA-C 200 mg/m2 daily, days 5, 4, 3, 2; VP-16 200 mg/m2 daily, days 5, 4, 3, 2; L-PAM 140 mg/m2, day 1 (BEAM) and for 16 patients, MEL 200 (non-Hodgkin's lymphoma). A control group was composed of 24 consecutive patients, who had been treated with HSCT before Caphosol was available. The source of the graft was autologous peripheral blood.

RESULTS: Among patients treated with Caphosol no one had to receive total parenteral nutrition. Among the BEAM group no one experienced III to IV degree OM compared with 40% of the control group. The median OM duration was 2.25 days versus controls of 8.6, (P<.001); only one patient received opioids versus 100% of controls. In the MEL 200 group, 93.7% of patients developed 0 to II degree OM vs 94% of the control group (P=.74) with median duration of 1, 73 days versus 2.42 for the controls (P=.73). In both control and Caphosol cohorts one patient received opioids.

CONCLUSION: Caphosol may reduce the incidence, severity, and duration of oral mucositis and decrease the number of days with painkillers among patients treated with a BEAM but not a Mel 200 regimen.

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