Association between the IL28B genotype and hepatitis C viral kinetics in the early days of treatment with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin in HIV/HCV co-infected patients with genotype 1 or 4

Antonio Rivero-Juárez, Angela Camacho Espejo, Inés Perez-Camacho, Karin Neukam, Antonio Caruz, José Antonio Mira, Pilar Mesa, Milagros García-Lázaro, Julián Torre-Cisneros, Juan Antonio Pineda, Antonio Rivero
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2012, 67 (1): 202-5

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of the interleukin 28B (IL-28B) genotype on hepatitis C virus (HCV) viral kinetics in the first 4 weeks from start of treatment with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) in HIV/HCV co-infected patients.

METHODS: HIV/HCV co-infected patients naive to PEG-IFN/RBV treatment were enrolled in a prospective study. HCV RNA plasma viral loads were measured at baseline and at weeks 1, 2 and 4 after commencement of treatment. Patients were grouped by HCV genotype (genotype 1/4 versus 3) and by IL-28B genotype (CC versus non-CC). Differences in viral load reduction were evaluated by IL-28B genotype between baseline, week 1, week 2 and week 4.

RESULTS: One hundred and nineteen HIV/HCV patients were included in the study. HCV patients with genotype 1/4 and bearing the IL-28 CC genotype showed the greatest reductions in HCV RNA plasma levels between baseline and weeks 1 (B-1), 2 (B-2) and 4 (B-4) than did those with non-CC genotypes (B-1: 1.06 ± 0.89 versus 0.48 ± 0.48 log IU/mL, P = 0.009; B-2: 1.36 ± 0.72 versus 0.77 ± 0.66 log IU/mL, P = 0.01; and B-4: 1.91 ± 0.64 versus 1.38 ± 0.96 log IU/mL, P = 0.03). However, differences between weeks 1 and 2 (W1-2) and between weeks 2 and 4 (W2-4) were not associated with the IL-28B genotype (W1-2: CC 0.48 ± 0.42 versus non-CC 0.38 ± 0.38 log IU/mL, P = 0.62; W2-4: CC 0.32 ± 0.23 versus non-CC 0.39 ± 0.31 log IU/mL, P = 0.67). No differences in decline of HCV RNA viral load were found in HCV genotype 3 patients.

CONCLUSIONS: The IL-28B genotype impacts on viral kinetics during the first week of treatment with PEG-IFN/RBV in patients with HCV genotype 1/4.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"