Effects of hesperidin on the progression of hypercholesterolemia and fatty liver induced by high-cholesterol diet in rats

Xinhui Wang, Junichi Hasegawa, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Zhongzhi Wang, Akiko Matsuda, Waka Shinoda, Norimasa Miura, Koji Kimura
Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 2011, 117 (3): 129-38
The protective effects of hesperidin against hypercholesterolemia and fatty liver were examined in male Wistar rats fed a high-cholesterol diet for 12 weeks. Compared with a standard diet, a high-cholesterol diet not only increased body weights, liver weights, and serum concentration of cholesterol, but also induced the fatty degeneration (steatosis) of liver. Hesperidin (0.08%) reduced levels of hepatic steatosis, adipose tissue and liver weights (P < 0.05), serum total cholesterol and retinol binding protein (RBP) 4 concentrations (P < 0.05) in rats fed with high-cholesterol diet, while reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and triglyceride concentrations was not significant. It also attenuated the marked changes in mRNA expression of lipid metabolism-related proteins: RBP, heart fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP), and cutaneous fatty acid-binding protein (C-FABP), in liver and adipose tissue. According to the results of gas chromatography, serum concentrations of total cholesterol and biomarkers of cholesterol synthesis (lathosterol) and absorption (campesterol, β-sitosterol) were lower, and concentrations of cholesterol in feces were higher in the rats given hesperidin (P < 0.05). Hesperidin may improve hypercholesterolemia and fatty liver by inhibiting both the synthesis and absorption of cholesterol and regulating the expression of mRNA for RBP, C-FABP, and H-FABP.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"