Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in patients treated with primary PCI for STEMI. Long-term follow up data from EUROTRANSFER registry

Zbigniew Siudak, Ralf Birkemeyer, Artur Dziewierz, Tomasz Rakowski, Krzysztof Zmudka, Jacek S Dubiel, Dariusz Dudek
Resuscitation 2012, 83 (3): 303-6

OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to describe long-term outcome of OHCA patients in a cohort of STEMI patients treated by primary PCI based on the EUROTRANSFER Registry data.

BACKGROUND: The occurrence of cardiac arrest is associated with impaired survival. There are limited number of studies reporting outcome of STEMI patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The recently published resuscitation guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) support immediate angiography/PCI or fibrinolysis in these patients in order to improve survival.

METHODS: Consecutive data on 1650 STEMI patients, transferred for primary PCI in hospital STEMI networks between November 2005 and January 2007 from 7 countries in Europe were gathered. Patients were divided into two groups: OHCA group - 42 patients and no OHCA group - 1608 patients.

RESULTS: Baseline demographics, clinical characteristic on admission to cathlab and past medical history were similar in both groups. Cardiogenic shock on admission or acute heart failure defined as Killip 3+4 was more frequently observed in OHCA group. The in-hospital mortality was similar, however, 1-year mortality was 19.1% in the OHCA group vs 8.1% in no OHCA group (p=0.011) and remained significant after exclusion of patients in cardiogenic shock on admission.

CONCLUSIONS: STEMI patients treated with primary PCI with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest have higher long-term mortality than no OHCA patients. However, resuscitation prior to cathlab admission is not an independent predictor of long-term adverse outcome. No differences in in-hospital mortality were noticed.

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