Highly efficient blue organic light-emitting diodes based on 2-(diphenylamino)fluoren-7-ylvinylarene derivatives that bear a tert-butyl group

Kum Hee Lee, Young Soo Kwon, Jin Yong Lee, Sunwoo Kang, Kyoung Soo Yook, Soon Ok Jeon, Jun Yeob Lee, Seung Soo Yoon
Chemistry: a European Journal 2011 November 11, 17 (46): 12994-3006
Blue fluorescent materials with a 2-(diphenylamino)fluoren-7-ylvinylarene emitting unit and tert-butyl-based blocking units were synthesized. The photophysical properties of these materials, including UV/Vis absorption, photoluminescent properties, and HOMO-LUMO energy levels, were characterized and rationalized with quantum-mechanical DFT calculations. The electroluminescent properties of these molecules were examined through the fabrication of multilayer devices with a structure of indium-tin oxide, 4,4'-bis{N-[4-(N,N-di-m-tolylamino)phenyl]-N-phenylamino}biphenyl, 4'-bis[N-(1-naphthyl)-N-phenylamino]biphenyl, and blue materials doped in 2-methyl-9,10-di(2-naphthyl)anthracene/tris(8-quinolinolato)aluminum/LiF/Al. All devices exhibit highly efficient blue electroluminescence with high external quantum efficiency (3.20-7.72 % at 20 mA cm(-2)). A deep-blue device with Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates of (0.15, 0.11) that uses 7-[2-(3',5'-di-tert-butylbiphenyl-4-yl)vinyl]-9,9-diethyl-2-N-(3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)-2,4-difluorobenzenamino-9H-fluorene as a dopant in the emitting layer showed a luminous efficiency and external quantum efficiency of 3.95 cd A(-1) and 4.23 % at 20 mA cm(-2), respectively. Furthermore, a highly efficient sky-blue device that uses the dopant 7-{2-[2-(3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)-9,9'-spirobifluorene-7-yl]vinyl}-9,9-diethyl-2-N,N-diphenylamino-9H-fluorene exhibited a luminous efficiency and high quantum efficiency of 10.3 cd A(-1) and 7.7 % at 20 mA cm(-2), respectively, with CIE coordinates of (0.15, 0.20).

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