Comparison of midregional pro-A-type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide for predicting mortality and cardiovascular events

Kornelis J J van Hateren, Alaa Alkhalaf, Nanne Kleefstra, Klaas H Groenier, Paul E de Jong, Dick de Zeeuw, Rijk O B Gans, Joachim Struck, Henk J G Bilo, Ron T Gansevoort, Stephan J L Bakker
Clinical Chemistry 2012, 58 (1): 293-7

BACKGROUND: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) provides prognostic information on mortality and future cardiovascular events for individuals from the general population. A novel immunoassay was recently developed that measures a midregional fragment of pro-A-type natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP). We compared the capabilities of MR-proANP and NT-proBNP for predicting mortality and cardiovascular events in a population-based study.

METHODS: A total of 7819 patients participated in the population-based Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-stage Disease (PREVEND) study, a prospective observational study. Three clinical end points were studied: all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and cardiovascular events. After a median follow-up of 10.5 years, we used a Cox proportional hazards model to investigate the relationship between the 2 natriuretic peptides and the clinical end points. The Harrell C statistic and the integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) were used to compare MR-proANP and NT-proBNP.

RESULTS: Increased plasma concentrations of both natriuretic peptides were associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events, after adjustment for age, sex, and other cardiovascular risk factors. According to the Harrell C statistic analysis, the models with MR-proANP and NT-proBNP were comparable in predicting all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and cardiovascular events. In contrast to NT-proBNP, MR-proANP was not independently related to cardiovascular mortality. In all models, the IDI was higher for NT-proBNP than for MR-proANP.

CONCLUSIONS: MR-proANP was as efficient as NT-proBNP in predicting all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and cardiovascular events; however, its association with cardiovascular mortality was not independent from other confounders.

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