Therapeutic effect of Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Wilde on lysosomal enzymes and collagen metabolism in adjuvant induced arthritis

Subramanian Saravanan, Narasimhan Prakash Babu, Perumal Pandikumar, Savarimuthu Ignacimuthu
Inflammopharmacology 2011, 19 (6): 317-25
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, progressive and systemic inflammatory disorder mainly affecting the synovial joints. In the present study, we evaluated the anti-arthritic effect of the methanol extract of Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Wilde., (Fabaceae) on adjuvant induced arthritis by assessing paw swelling, body weight, the levels of lysosomal enzymes, protein bound carbohydrates, serum cytokines, urinary collagen and histopathology of joints. It was found that S. asoca methanol extract at doses of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg reduced the paw thickness and elevated the mean body weight of arthritic rats. The treatment of S. asoca showed a significant reduction in the levels of both plasma and liver lysosomal enzymes. The protein bound carbohydrates and urinary collagen contents were also decreased at a significant level by the treatment of S. asoca methanol extract. The histopathological study of the joints showed the anti-arthritic property of S. asoca which nearly normalized the histological architecture of the joints. Further, we established the anti-arthritic activity of S. asoca methanol extract by measuring the levels of cytokines in both arthritic and treated rats. The treatment of S. asoca reduced the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, S. asoca methanol extract was capable of ameliorating the conditions of arthritis in adjuvant induced arthritic rats.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"