COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes are associated with obstructive sleep apnea in extremely obese subjects: a cross-sectional study

Jan Magnus Fredheim, Jan Rollheim, Torbjørn Omland, Dag Hofsø, Jo Røislien, Kristian Vegsgaard, Jøran Hjelmesæth
Cardiovascular Diabetology 2011 September 25, 10: 84
21943153

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common yet underdiagnosed condition. The aim of our study is to test whether prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in extremely obese (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m²) subjects.

METHODS: One hundred and thirty seven consecutive extremely obese patients (99 females) from a controlled clinical trial [MOBIL-study (Morbid Obesity treatment, Bariatric surgery versus Intensive Lifestyle intervention Study) (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT00273104)] underwent somnography with Embletta® and a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). OSA was defined by an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 5 events/hour. Patients were categorized into three groups according to criteria from the American Diabetes Association: normal glucose tolerance, pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify possible determinants of OSA.

RESULTS: The patients had a mean (SD) age of 43 (11) years and a body mass index (BMI) of 46.9 (5.7) kg/m². Males had significantly higher AHI than females, 29 (25) vs 12 (17) events/hour, p < 0.001. OSA was observed in 81% of men and in 55% of women, p = 0.008. Twenty-nine percent of subjects had normal glucose tolerance, 42% had pre-diabetes and 29% had type 2 diabetes. Among the patients with normal glucose tolerance 33% had OSA, while 67% of the pre-diabetic patients and 78% of the type 2 diabetic patients had OSA, p < 0.001. After adjusting for age, gender, BMI, high sensitive CRP and HOMA-IR, both pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes were still associated with OSA, odds ratios 3.18 (95% CI 1.00, 10.07), p = 0.049 and 4.17 (1.09, 15.88), p = 0.036, respectively. Mean serum leptin was significantly lower in the OSA than in the non-OSA group, while other measures of inflammation did not differ significantly between groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes are associated with OSA in extremely obese subjects.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: MOBIL-study (Morbid Obesity treatment, Bariatric surgery versus Intensive Lifestyle intervention Study) (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT00273104).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21943153
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"