COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Nectandrin B activates endothelial nitric-oxide synthase phosphorylation in endothelial cells: role of the AMP-activated protein kinase/estrogen receptor α/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway

Tran Thi Hien, Won Keun Oh, Phi Hung Nguyen, Seok Jeong Oh, Moo Yeol Lee, Keon Wook Kang
Molecular Pharmacology 2011, 80 (6): 1166-78
21940786
We revealed previously that nectandrin B isolated from Myristica fragrans (nutmeg, Myristicaceae) functions as a potent AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator and showed its antiobesity effect. In this study, we investigated whether nectandrin B affects phosphorylation of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) in human endothelial cells. Nectandrin B increased the phosphorylation of eNOS and nitric oxide (NO) production in a concentration-dependent manner and maximal effect was found at 10 μg/ml. Nectandrin B activates AMPK, presumably via Ca(2+)/calmodulin kinase II activation and nectandrin B-stimulated eNOS phosphorylation was reversed by AMPK inhibition. Both the enzyme activity of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and the estrogen receptor (ER)-dependent reporter gene transcription were enhanced by nectandrin B. ERα inhibition by specific antagonist or small interfering siRNA (siRNA) suppressed nectandrin B-mediated eNOS phosphorylation. Moreover, AMPK inhibition significantly reversed the activation of ER-dependent transcription and PI3K activation in response to nectandrin B. Nectandrin B evoked endothelium-dependent relaxation in rat aortic rings, and this was blocked by inhibition of AMPK, ER, or PI3K. These results suggest that potent AMPK activator nectandrin B enhances NO production via eNOS phosphorylation in endothelial cells and ERα-dependent PI3K activity is required.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21940786
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"