Curcumin provides potential protection against the activation of hypoxia and prolyl 4-hydroxylase inhibitors on prostate-specific antigen expression in human prostate carcinoma cells

Li-Chuan Chung, Ke-Hung Tsui, Tsui-Hsia Feng, Shiow-Ling Lee, Phei-Lang Chang, Horng-Heng Juang
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 2011, 55 (11): 1666-76

SCOPE: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a well-known marker for diagnosing and monitoring prostate cancer. Curcumin, a yellow curry pigment, has been reported to enhance androgen receptor (AR) degradation. We examined the effects of curcumin on increasing PSA expression by hypoxia and prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors, L-mimosine and dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG), in human prostate carcinoma LNCaP cells.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The 3H-thymidine incorporation assay revealed that either L-mimosine or DMOG treatments attenuated cell proliferation. Immunoblot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) indicated that both L-mimosine and DMOG have an effect similar to hypoxia, which stabilized hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and induced PSA gene expression. The results of the immunoblot and transient gene expression assays indicated that induction of the PSA expression by hypoxia is both HIF-1α- and AR-dependent. Immunoblot assays revealed that a curcumin treatment (10 μM) decreased the protein abundance of AR but did not significantly affect the protein levels of HIF-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor, which were induced by hypoxia. ELISA and transient gene expression assays indicated that curcumin blocked the activation of L-mimosine or DMOG treatment on PSA expression.

CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that curcumin blocked the enhanced effect of PSA expression by L-mimosine and DMOG that induce hypoxia condition.

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