Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α agonist, Wy 14,643, improves metabolic indices, steatosis and ballooning in diabetic mice with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis

Claire Z Larter, Matthew M Yeh, Derrick M Van Rooyen, John Brooling, Kamaljit Ghatora, Geoffrey C Farrell
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2012, 27 (2): 341-50

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lipid accumulation precedes hepatocellular injury and liver inflammation in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)α regulates hepatic lipid disposal. We studied whether pharmacological stimulation of PPARα reverses NASH associated with metabolic syndrome in high-fat (HF)-fed foz/foz obese/diabetic mice.

METHODS: Female foz/foz mice and wildtype (WT) littermates were fed HF diet for 16 weeks to initiate NASH then treated with Wy 14,643 (Wy) for 10 days or 20 days. Liver disease was assessed by histology, serum alanine aminotransferase, genes (real-time polymerase chain reaction) and proteins (Western blot, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) of interest and pro-inflammatory signaling pathways were determined.

RESULTS: In diabetic foz/foz mice, NASH was associated with elevated serum MCP1 and hepatic activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB and c-Jun N-terminal kinase, but not oxidative or endoplasmic reticulum stress. Wy treatment decreased steatosis and injury, although induction of PPARα-responsive fatty acid oxidation genes was proportionally less than in WT. The PPARα agonist lowered serum insulin, corrected hyperglycemia, and suppressed the carbohydrate-dependent lipogenic transcription factor, carbohydrate response element binding protein. Steatosis resolution was associated with suppression of NF-κB and JNK activation and decreased hepatic macrophages and neutrophils. Despite this, histology inflammation score remained high, associated with serum monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)1 elevation, a pro-inflammatory chemokine related to higher adipose, not liver MCP1 mRNA expression.

CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacological activation of PPARα improves metabolic milieu, steatosis, ballooning, and combats NF-κB and JNK activation, neutrophil and F4/80 macrophage recruitment in diabetes-related NASH. However, persistent liver inflammation with high serum MCP1 due to unsuppressed adipose inflammation may limit PPARα agonists' efficacy as therapy for NASH.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"