COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Is earlier administration of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) associated with the probability of pregnancy in cycles stimulated with recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists? A prospective randomized trial

Dimitra Kyrou, Efstratios M Kolibianakis, Human M Fatemi, Basil C Tarlatzis, Herman Tournaye, Paul Devroey
Fertility and Sterility 2011, 96 (5): 1112-5
21924414

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of timing of hCG administration and probability of pregnancy in patients stimulated with recombinant FSH/GnRH antagonists for IVF.

DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial.

SETTING: Dutch-speaking Free University of Brussels.

PATIENT(S): One hundred twenty patients, aged <40 years, treated by IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

INTERVENTION(S): Ovarian stimulation was achieved using recombinant FSH starting on day 2 of the menstrual cycle at a fixed dose. To inhibit premature LH surge, daily GnRH antagonist was used from day 6 of stimulation. Triggering of final oocyte maturation was performed using 10,000 IU of hCG. Patients were randomized to receive hCG either as soon as three or more follicles of size ≥16 mm were present on ultrasonography (early-hCG group) or 1 day after the above criterion was met (late-hCG group).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Ongoing pregnancy rate.

RESULT(S): Significant differences were observed between the early-hCG and the late-hCG group regarding E(2) (1,388 ± 931 [mean ± SD] vs. 2,040 ± 1,231 pg/mL, respectively) and P (0.8 ± 0.3 vs. 1.1 ± 0.5 ng/mL, respectively) levels on the day of hCG administration and the number of metaphase II oocytes (9.2 ± 7.1 vs. 6.1 ± 4.9, respectively). No significant differences were observed between the early-hCG and the late-hCG group regarding positive hCG (46.2% vs. 50%, respectively) and ongoing pregnancy rates (34.6% vs. 40.7%, respectively).

CONCLUSION(S): The current study provides evidence that earlier administration of hCG is not associated with the probability of pregnancy in cycles stimulated with recombinant FSH and GnRH antagonists.

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