PI3K/Akt and MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathways are involved in IGF-1-induced VEGF-C upregulation in breast cancer

Chenfang Zhu, Xiaoliang Qi, Yaning Chen, Bo Sun, Yalei Dai, Yan Gu
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 2011, 137 (11): 1587-94

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the signaling pathways involved in insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)-induced vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) up-regulation and lymphatic metastasis in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells.

METHODS: MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were exposed to IGF-1 with various concentrations. The expression level of VEGF-C was assessed by real-time PCR and Western blot. Akt and ERK1/2 phosphorylation was detected by Western blot. Signaling transduction inhibitors, LY294002 and PD98059, were used to block PI3K/Akt and MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathways, respectively.

RESULTS: IGF-1 increased the level of VEGF-C expression in a dose-dependent manner in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. In addition, phosphorylation of Akt and ERK1/2 was enhanced by IGF-1. Remarkably, inhibition of Akt phosphorylation by LY294002 completely blocked the effects on IGF-1-induced VEGF-C up-regulation. Inhibition of ERK1/2 phosphorylation by PD98059 reduced IGF-1-induced VEGF-C expression.

CONCLUSION: This study identified that PI3K/Akt and MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathways were involved in IGF-1-induced VEGF-C up-regulation and suggested their important roles in lymphatic metastasis in breast cancer.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"