Challenges and opportunities in implementing the FDA default parametric tolerance interval two one-sided test for delivered dose uniformity of orally inhaled products

Greg Larner, Andrew Cooper, Svetlana Lyapustina, Stefan Leiner, David Christopher, Helen Strickland, Michael Golden, Hans-Joachim Delzeit, Emil M Friedman
AAPS PharmSciTech 2011, 12 (4): 1144-56
The goal of this article is to discuss considerations regarding implementation of the parametric tolerance interval two one-sided test (PTI-TOST) for delivered dose uniformity (DDU) of orally inhaled products (OIPs). That test was proposed by FDA in 2005 as an alternative to the counting test described in the 1998 draft FDA guidance for metered dose inhalers and dry powder inhalers. The 2005 PTI-TOST, however, still has not found much use in practice despite the general desirability of parametric approaches in modern pharmaceutical quality control. A key reason for its slow uptake is that it rejects, with high probability, batches whose quality is considered acceptable by all other published regulatory and pharmacopeial standards as well as by the DDU specifications for many approved OIPs. Manufacturers therefore continue using nonparametric counting tests for control of DDU. A simulated case study presented here compares the consequences of the PTI-TOST compared to the counting test. The article discusses three possibilities that would help increase the uptake of the PTI-TOST approach, namely: product-specific quality standards, a different default standard suitable for the majority of OIPs, and integration of the PTI-TOST with a continuous verification control strategy rather than using it as an isolated-batch (transactional) end-product testing. In any of these efforts, if a parametric test is used, it is critical not to set the target quality close to, or at the boundary of the process/product capabilities, because PTI tests are designed to reject with high probability the identified target quality.

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